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botanical name:
Rosa 'Violacea'
Rosa 'Violacea' © Deeproot Plant Base
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common name:  Gallica Rose
synonyms:  Rosa gallica 'Violacea', Rosa 'La Belle Sultane'
family:  Rosaceae
characteristics: shrub, scented/aromatic
height: 3.00m
width: 2.40m
growth rate: medium
growth habit: bushy
leaf colour: green
flower colour: red
fruit colour: red
stem/bark: brown
main season: Summer
aspect: full sun, part shade
conditions: moist soil, clay soil, sandy soil
preferred soil pH: neutral
minimum temp: -29°C
USDA zone: 4 to 9
Vigorous upright shrub, which can ultimately become quite large. Large matt green leaves. Single to semi-double flowers, opening deep velvety red with golden yellow stamens, then ageing to an unusual violet-purple colour. Large orange-red hips in autumn.

Fertile, moist, well drained soil in sun or part shade.
Good disease resistance.

By grafting, cuttings or separation or rooted suckers.

other notes:
Old heritage variety, probably originating from the Netherlands in the 1700's.

Although sometimes sold as Rosa 'La Belle Sultane', this may in fact be a slightly different cultivar.
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